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GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍

作者: 阿信 发布时间: 2021年09月10日 01:01:55

GMAT 阅读的长篇文章信息量大且题目难度高,考生费尽全力也常会遭遇错误。相对来说短篇阅读就成为了更为稳妥的保分提分突破口。那么考生如何在 GMAT 短阅读中保证得分呢?下面小编会结合实例做具体分析。

GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍

GMAT 短篇阅读才是保分重点题型

小编之所以要说 GMAT 短阅读保分的问题,主要是因为短阅读在考试中对比长阅读具有以下保分优势:

1. 短阅读题数多耗时短 ROI 高

GMAT 阅读一般根据文章篇幅可以分为长阅读和短阅读,长阅读的形式通常是一篇文章带上 3-4 道题目,而篇阅读则是每篇文章只附带 1-2 道题。而从题目数量来说,两者的分数是一样的。同样的得分,解决一道短阅读的时间却可能远低于长阅读,从得分效率来说显然短阅读更有优势。只要考生能够保证短阅读的正确率,哪怕长阅读做得再糟糕,至少也能保证 GMAT 阅读一半的得分。

2. 短阅读文章难度低理解方便易得分

同样是阅读,但 GMAT 短阅读在得分和时间消耗上,显然性价比要高出长阅读不少。短阅读的文章篇幅往往只有长阅读的一半甚至 3 分之 1,而且难度大多低于长阅读,更容易被考生快速看懂理解,解题正确率也更高。而长阅读不仅耗时长,还经常会涉及一些学术化难度较高的文章,很多考生都会出现看不懂文章或者看了后面忘了前面的问题,常常看完一篇篇阅读后还是处于似懂非懂的状态,对于大家的阅读技巧有很高的要求。从正确率上来说,短阅读显然也更胜一筹。

GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍

GMAT 短阅读 2 道实例讲解思路

在了解了上述短阅读保分优势后,下面小编通过两道短阅读实例来为大家做一些解析。

例题 1

Though artist Chuck Close has devoted his life to portraiture, his paintings rarely comport with that genre's traditional purpose. His early photorealist images, which are created by overlaying a grid on a photograph and painstakingly copying the image cell by cell, are, to the naked eye, nearly undifferentiable from photographs. Furthermore. Close's emphasis is on the disembodied head itself, expressionless and devoid of any overt personality. He has never acceded to commissions, relying on both his own image and his friends as models. In 1988, a collapsed spinal artery caused almost total paralysis, but Close has continued to work. His freer paintings evince a natural extension of an augmented interest in the minute grid over the total work that predated his illness. This nonprivileging of any particular part of the canvas finds its inspiration, oddly enough, in abstract expressionism, despite the apparent inconso-nance of the two techniques.

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

Which of the following statements are supported by the passage?

A. Close ’ s portraits are so realistic that they are sometimes mistaken for photographs.

B. There are conceptual connections between Close ’ s later work and other, apparently dissimilar works.

C. Throughout his career as an artist, none of the portraits Close has painted have been done in exchange for money.

思路分析

这里要注意一点,commission 在本题的意思 , 并不是佣金 , 而是委托的意思 . 作为一个肖像画的画家 , Chuck Close 并没有接受过其他委托 , 因此的他的模特是本人或者是朋友 . 而文章中并没有说明他的画有没有被卖掉 , 因此 C 的选项是错误的 . A 之所以也是错误是因为文章只说了是 near indifferentiable. 并没有提到有人被画 , 这里就信息混乱。

正确答案

B

GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍

例题 2

The anti-foundationalist belief that there is no secure basis for knowledge was worked out philosophically in the somewhat wearisome tracts of Jacques Derrida. Difference. Derrida tells us is the idea that any attempts to discuss universal features of human nature are merely products of local standards, often serving the vested interests of the status quo, and should rightly be dismantled and critiqued. Derrida was considered the originator of a profound challenge to the history of human thought. However, a century before Derrida. Darwin's theory of natural selection had made anti-foundationalism almost an inevitable consequence. From an evolutionary point of view, our understanding of the world depends on earlier and less-developed forms of understanding; meaning is continuously referred or deferred to other terms or experiences.

The passage implies that which of the following beliefs is embraced by anti-foundationalists?

A. In many cases humans cannot be completely secure in thinking that they fully understand a given situation.

B. The meaning of an experience can best be understood outside the cultural context in which it occurs.

C. Those who are part of the status quo are best able to dismantle and critique society.

D. Derrida ’ s work would not have been possible without the prior ruminations of Darwin a century earlier.

E. Darwin ’ s faith in the status quo is sufficient grounds to develop universal truths about cultural experiences.